Gypsum is a crystallized sulfate mineral used in construction. Commonly identified by its lustrous appearance and translucency, Gypsum is an attractive and useful material.
As a naturally-occurring mineral, Gypsum is found in the layers of sedimentary rocks when water containing calcium and sulfates is repeatedly evaporated and restored. To process Gypsum, it is grounded into a fine powder and boiled down to remove any moisture. When water is added to the powder, it will harden and form a mold, making it an excellent binding agent. Gypsum rock is found mainly in North America, with the largest Gypsum quarry in the world located in Nova Scotia, Canada.
The safety of this material is one of the reasons why it is used widely in our daily lives, it has fire-protection abilities and is a popular form of coating for drywalls used in residential and commercial properties.
Its role in construction includes plastering dry walls, paving roads, and as a binding agent in Cement.
Even in our diets, we might be consuming Gypsum unknowingly. Gypsum is added into bread dough to prevent stickiness and as an additional source of calcium. In tofu-making, it acts as a coagulant, making it the main source of calcium in an Asian diet.
Global Transit has been exporting Gypsum from Oman and Thailand to various countries. In 2019 Global Transit moved approx. 20% of the total Oman Export volumes to Asia. To date Global Transit Gypsum volumes continue to rise, thanks to the growing demand in Asia and Indian subcontinent regions.